In English, the term Kalimantan refers to the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo, in Indonesian, the term “Kalimantan” refers to the whole island of Borneo. Borneo (Indonesian: Kalimantan) is the third largest island in the world and is located north of Java, Indonesia, at the geographic centre of Maritime Southeast Asia.
The island is divided among three countries: Brunei, Indonesia and Malaysia. Approximately 73% of the island is Indonesian territory. The Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak in the north occupy about 26% of the island. The sovereign state of Brunei, located on the north coast, comprises about 1% of Borneo’s land area.
The Indonesian territory makes up 69.5% (13,772,543 at the 2010 Census of Indonesia) by island’s population. The non-Indonesian parts of Borneo are of Brunei(400,000) and East Malaysia (5,625,000), the latter comprising the states of Sabah andSarawak. The region within Indonesia is also known as Indonesian Borneo.
The Indians named Borneo Suvarnabhumi(the land of gold) and also Karpuradvipa (Camphor Island). The Javanese named Borneo Puradvipa, or Diamond Island. Archaeologicalfindings in the Sarawak river delta reveal that the area was once a thriving trading centre between India and China from the 500’s until about 1300 AD.
Indonesian part of Borneo makes up of 4 provinces and subdivised into 44 regencies and 9 cities.
1. West Kalimantan / Kalimantan Barat (capital : Pontianak)
2. Central Kalimantan / Kalimantan Tengah (capital : Palangka Raya)
3. East Kalimantan / Kalimantan Timur (capital : Samarinda)
4. South Kalimantan / Kalimantan Selatan (capital : Banjarmasin)