South Kalimantan Province

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Official Name : Kalimantan Selatan (Abbreviation: Kalsel )

Origin of Name : ‘Kalimantan’ is Indonesian (and locals) name of ‘Borneo’. Although many theories exist about its origin, one is from the Indian approach. ‘Kalimantan’ which is often spelled ‘Klemantan’ is derived from Sanskrit : “Kalamanthana” or burning weather island (or island that is very hot temperature). It consists of two words ‘kal[a] : season, period’ and ‘manthan[a] : burning’. But the words “Kalamanthana’ is spelled Kalmantan. And the indigineous people fixed it into Klemantan.

‘Selatan’ means ‘south’, thus ‘Kalimantan Selatan’ refers to ‘Southern part of Kalimantan’

History :There are three kingdoms in the region: Negara Daha, Negara Dipa & Banjar Sultanate (the latter was a sultanate that dominated majority of Kalimantan). Right after Indonesia’s proclamation of independence (August 17, 1945), the government under Soekarno and Hatta appointed Ir. H. Pangeran Muhammad Noor as the governor of the whole Kalimantan on August 18, 1945. The capital was Banjarmasin. Later on, it was decided to divide the area into several provinces. On December 7, 1956, the province of South Kalimantan was formed out of these areas: Kotawaringin, Dayak Besar (Great Dayak), Daerah Banjar (Banjar Area), and the Federation of Southeast Kalimantan. Later on, Pasir (a part of Southeast Kalimantan Federation) was integrated to the province of East Kalimantan instead. Furthermore, on 23 May 1957, Kotawaringin and Dayak Besar removed themselves from South Kalimantan to form their own province, Central Kalimantan.

Founded : 4 August 1950 (prior that was part of Kalimantan Province from 1945-1950, which its seat is in Banjarmasin, the greatest city in Kalimantan at the time)

Location : Actually it is located in the south-eastern part of Kalimantan. Along Makassar Strait. Bordering Central Kalimantan (Kapuas & All Barito regencies -Utara, Timur & Selatan) & East Kalimantan (Paser), Java Sea and Makassar strait.

Capital : Banjarmasin City (BJM)

Pop: 3,624,132 (16th )/ Area: 38,744 km2 (18th-the smallest in Kalimantan)

Province Seal :  Motto : (Haram Manyarah dari) Wadja Sampai Kaputing (Banjarese). Means: Never Surrender until the last breath

SOUTH KALIMANTAN MAP 2

Administrative Divisions : 2 Cities/ 11 Regencies (Municipals):name (its capital) 

1. BANJARMASIN City (Provincial Capital)

2. BANJARBARU City

3. BANJAR (Martapura)

4. BARITO KUALA (Marabahan)

5.TANAH LAUT (Pelaihari)

6.TANAH BUMBU (Batulicin)

7.TAPIN (Rantau)

8.HULU SUNGA SELATAN / HSS (Kandangan)

9.HULU SUNGAI TENGAH / HST (Barabai)

10.HULU SUNGAI UTARA / HSU (Amuntai)

11.TABALONG (Tanjung)

12.BALANGAN (Paringin)

13.KOTABARU (DARAT & KEPULAUAN) (Kotabaru)

ZIP Code :70-72xxx/ Phone Code: 0511 (Banjarmasin, Banjarbaru, Martapura & Marabahan/Barito Kuala); 0512 (Pelaihari/Tanah Laut); 0517 (Kandangan & Barabai/Hulu Sungai Tengah-Selatan, Rantau/Tapin & Negara); 0518 (Batulicin/Tanah Bumbu & Kotabaru); 0526 (Tanjung/Tabalong); 0527 (Amuntai/Hulu Sungai utara)  Vehicle Plate : DA (all province)

State University: Lambung Mangkurat State University/Unlam (Banjarmasin); Banjarmasin State Polytechnic.

Airports: Syamsudin Noor Airport (Banjarmasin)

Province Fauna/Floral:

Ethnic/Language of Origin: Banjar & Dayak Bukit / Bahasa Banjar (Hulu & Kuala), Bakumpai (Dayak Melayu), Bahasa Dayak (Bukit, Dusun Deyah & Maanyan)

Food: Pais Ikan, Soto Banjar, Wadai, Bingka

Folksong: Ampar-ampar Pisang, Paris Barantai, Saputangan Bapuncu Ampat,  Dance-art: Banjarese Baksa Kembang, Japin, Kuda Gepang, Gamelan & Panting Banjar, Mamanda & Madihin theater, While the internary people belongs to The Dayak Bukit such as : Tari Tandik Balian, Babangsai & Kanjar, Kangkurung music & Balian theater.

Clockwise: Baksa Kambang dancers – Banjar silat ‘Kuntau’ – Princess dance

Clockwise: Mamanda folk theater – Banjar song – Kompang – Panting Ensembles – Topeng Banjar (Mask) Dancers

Traditional Clothes: Banjar traditional outfit (various)

Gajah Bagamuling style – Standard Banjar adat – Nanang/Galuh 

Traditional weapon : Banjarese swift (Serapang, Tiruk & Pangambangan) & two-eyed blade called Duha

Traditional house : Banjar’s Rumah Banjar & Bubungan Tinggi and typical Dayak’s house is called Rumah Balai. It’s a long house where many related families live together.

Downtown & Malls:

downtown Banjarmasin with Barito river flows in it

Port : Bandar Masin Port

Rivers, Mountain & Natural :

National Park/Ocean Park :

Bridge & Dam :

Places of Interest :  *Historical Tourism, including : *Religious Tourism, including :  *Adventure Tourism : *Shopping Tourism :

Visit : Pics of Provincial Capitol & Landmarks (click here):

Official Map:

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