Bengkulu Province

Fort Marlborough, Bengkulu City -a historical heritage of British colonization circa 1710s *Previous iconic pic: Annual Tabot festival in Bengkulu held during 1-10 Muharram every year

Official Name : Bengkulu (Abbreviation: BKU).  Previously in the past: Bencoolen Origin of Name : Probably from the word ‘Bangka Hulu’ or ‘Bangka Ulu’ (upstream Bangka).

History : If anything the rest of Sumatra and for the most part of Indonesia was under Dutch East Indies, then Bengkulu was the lone exception that it belonged to British (English East India) until Anglo-Dutch Treaty in 1824 .  So Raffles was here and did other British governors as well as  monuments, forts and etc.

This south-west Sumatran part was never under any big local patronage as of neighboring Palembang or Jambi Sultanates.  There were only few smalls ‘kedatuan’ based on ethnicity such as in  Sungai Serut,  Selebar,  Pat Petulai, Balai Buntar, Sungai Lemau, Sekiris, Gedung Agung and Marau Riang.  It was then once a vassal region of  Banten Sultanate (from Western Java) and since 17th century was ruled by Minangkabau’s Inderapura Sultanate (today’s in Pesisir Selatan, West Sumatra Province).

In the early Independence, Bengkulu was included in the Older ‘South Sumatera’ Province with Lampung, Bangka-Belitung Archipelago and rest of South Sumatera itself, as a Residency).  It finally gained its provincial status in 1968 as the 26th province (prior to the last province: East Timor). ’27’ was the famous number of provinces (27 provinces) during New Order Regime which would last for the next thirty years until 1998,  as of today the number of administrative region has expanded rapidly (34 provinces, with East Timor eventually gains its independence).

Founded : 18 November 1968

Legality :  UU No. 9/1967 Junkto Peraturan Pemerintah No. 20/1968

Location :  Bengkulu lies in the western side of southern Sumatera Island,  including Enggano Island off the coast.  It borders Provinces:  West Sumatera (Pesisir Selatan);   Jambi (Kerinci & Sarolangun);   South Sumatera ( Musi Rawas, Lubuk Linggau City, Empat Lawang, Lahat, Pagar Alam, Muara Enim & South OKU );  and  Lampung ( Lampung Barat & Pesisir Barat).  It also borders  Indian Ocean  (Samudera Hindia).

Capital : Bengkulu City

Pop: 1,665,314 (27th)/ Area: 19,919 km2 (23th)

Province Seal :

PROV BKU

Motto : None officially. But some Bengkulu Malays proverb used, includes : “Sekundang setungguan seio sekato”  (together we stand); “Ke bukit Samo Mendaki, Ke lurah Samo Menurun, Yang Berat Samo Dipikul, Yang Ringan Samo Dijinjing”; “Bulek Air Kek Pembukuh, Bulek Kata Rek Sepakat”.

PETA MAP BENGKULU

Administrative Divisions : 1 Autonomous city (Kota)/ 10 Regencies (Municipals/Kabupaten):

1. Kota Bengkulu (Autonomous city as well as provincial capital)

2. MUKO-MUKO  ( Muko-muko city )

3. NORTH BENGKULU  ( Arga Makmur ) – including Enggano Island

4. LEBONG  ( Muara Aman 2003-2012;  Tubei 2012-now )

5. REJANG LEBONG  ( Curup )

6. KEPAHIANG  ( Kepahiang city )

7. CENTRAL BENGKULU  ( Karang Tinggi )

8. SELUMA  ( Tais )

9. SOUTH BENGKULU  ( Manna )

10.KAUR  ( Bintuhan )

ZIP Code : 38-3977xxx  Phone Code: 0763 (Bengkulu); 0732 (Curup/Rejang Lebong); 0737 (Arga Makmur, Muko-Muko); 0738 (Muara Aman/Lebong); 0739 (Bintuhan/Kaur , Manna) Vehicle Plate : BD (all province)

State University: Bengkulu State Univ /UNIB (Kandang Limun, Bengkulu City); Bengkulu Islamic Univ/STAIN BKU (Bengkulu City).

unib

Airports: Fatmawati Soekarno Airport (BKS) – named after first lady of the first president who hailed from the province, previously the airport was named ‘Padang Kemiling Airport’.

Bandara-udara-Fatmawati-Soekarno-Bengkulu

Ethnics of origin:  Rejang,  Serawai,  Melayu Bengkulu,  Lembak,  Enggano

epri1

Languages of origin:  Bahasa Rejang,  Baso Melayu Bengkulu (mix of Minang and Palembang/Jambi),  Pekal, Lembak, Kaur,  Pesemah,  Serawai,  Native language of Enggano.

800px-rejang_alphabet

The Redjang or Kaganga alphabet is descended ultimately from the from Brahmi script of ancient India by way of the Pallava and Old Kawi scripts.  Redjang is a syllabic alphabet – each letter has an inherent vowel /a/. Other vowels can be indicated using a variety of diacritics which appear above or below the consonants. The Redjang alphabet is used mainly to write magic spells and medical incantations and some poetry. Rejang Alphabet known as Kaganga Alphabet. It just not used by Rejang People (Bengkulu Province) but also used by Lampung People and Kerinci People (Jambi Province).

Province Fauna/Flora:

flora fauna

Food:

food

Durian is abundant here – Lempuk Durian (Dodol) – Kalamansi Syrup

Dance-art : Rejang Dances (Kejei Semulan Dance, Anok Sangei Dance), Bidadari Teminang Anak, Andun, Penyambutan/Sekapur Sirih, Putri Gading Cempaka, Pukek (Pukat)

Dance-art : Dul (Music Ensemble), Geritan, Serambeak, Andi-andi, Sambei

Traditional Songs : Langgam Melayu Bengkulu & Lagu-lagu Rejang ( Lalan Balek, Taneak Tanai, Anak Kunang, Beinai Curi, Bedindang, Ibo)

dances

Persembahan Dance –  Dul Ensemble – Colorful Baju Kurungs – Kejai Rejang Dance

Traditional Clothes:

dress

Bengkulu outfits ( consist of two types: the Malays & the Rejangs )

Presiden_SBY_pakai_Batik_Besurek

Kain Besurek –  (Bengkulu style of Batik with Islamic motif), worn by President SBY

Traditional weapon : Keris Bengkulu

Traditional house : Pusako Bubung Limo (Panggung)

fatmawati hous

First lady’s house (Ibu Fatmawati Soekarno) which is a typical Bengkulu Panggung house, now’s a museum in Bengkulu City

BEACH :  Panjang, Pasir Putih, Tapak Paderi, Jakat, Tanah Lot Lais

ISLAND : Enggano, Tikus

LAKE : Dendam Tak Sudah, Tes, Gedang, Mas Harun Bastari, Musi, Picung Tubei Lebong, Pematang Curup, Tabarena Curup Natural Pools

PORT : Pulau Baii Port

NATIONAL PARK : Kerinci-Seblat Natl. Park, Taman Hutan Tropis Tahura, Seblat Hunting Park, Konak Park, Enggano Island Nanu’ua Park, Dio Bagito Zoo Park

OCEAN PARK : Enggano Island

RIVER : Seblat River, Ketahun River

HOT SPRINGS : Tujuh Warna Rimbo Penggadang, Suban Curup, Air Putih Muara Aman

WATERFALL : Suban Curup, Kepala Curup

ELEPHANT TRAINING : Seblat, Napal Putih

MOUNTAIN: Gunung Kaba Curup

Downtown & Malls :

downtown

Places of Interest : 

exile house soekarno

Bung Karno Exile House (imprisonment by the Dutch in the early 1930s)

Masjid-Jamik-Bengkulu-2

Masjid Jamik Bengkulu, Classic icon in the heart of the city

Masjid_Akbar_At_taqwa_Bengkulu_by_bengsin

Masjid At-Taqwa

1_Fort_Marlborough_Bengkulu_A

Marlborough Fort

thomas parr mon

Thomas Parr Monument

51b5716e-8fac-4b83-9858-4d53ca2ba9b3

 Dendam Tak Sudah Lake ; Panjang Beach; Tapak Paderi Beach

pulau enggano2

Enggano Island Adventures (Wild life, native people & Beach surfing)

Festival :

tabot

Annual Tabot Festival, Bengkulu City

It’s a religious festival in honour of  Prophet Muhammad’s grandsons Hassan & Hussein who were killed in the Karbala.  It has been held since 15th century introduced by Syekh Burhanuddin. Procession held anually between 1 to 10 Muharram i.e : “Upacara Mengambil Tanah” ( literally ‘pick sacred ground’ held on the night prior to 1 Muharram); “Duduk Penja” ( sitting and pray ceremony between 4 and 5 Muharram); “Menjara Ceremony” (5 – 6 of Muharram);  “Anak Jari-Jari dan Seroban” ceremony (7 – 8 Muharram); “Arak Gedang” (This is the most interesting part as Tabuts were paraded around the city on 9 Muharram) and the closing ceremony ” Tabut Tebuang” where the tabuts were casted off to the sea on 10 Muharram.

Official Map:

Photo credits:

Skyscraper.com (Balaputradewa) and other sources

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s